13 Day Caving in different feature

Best season: Spring & Summer
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Expedition Summary In sixteen days, you’ll be exposed to the jewels of the Northwest and diverse history, culture and landscapes. To summarize, you will visit:
    In all parts of our vast country, from North to South, east to west, you may explore many different caves, with different:
  • During these amazing exploring, you will see natural caves which Mostly consist of limestone sedimentary rocks
  • When you caving an artificial caves, will see them often with a regular site plan, hallways and corridors to fit to the builder’s regular habit of lives
  • When traveling to the depth of the earth, you will discover, how an underground space finds a way to get out of the Earth’s crust
  • Some of these caves are unique phenomenon in the world. Experts may say it dates back over 70 million years
  • Walk slowly and admire the fascinating formations of stalactites and stalagmites which are very different from the usual ones
Itinerary Details:

Day 1. Arrival in Tehran

Upon arrival in Tehran, you will be welcomed at the airport and transferred to your hotel. Depending on the time of your arrival, you can spend the day touring the beautiful and diverse city of Tehran, or spend the evening at a traditional restaurant for a delicious Persian cuisine. If you arrive late, don’t worry! You’ll have three full days of sightseeing in Tehran at the end of your trip (L/D)
You’ll stay overnight at your hotel in Tehran
Upon arrival in Tehran you will be welcomed and transferred to your hotel

Day 2: Kahak cave

After breakfast you will be transferred to Kahak village via Qom. Where you will see 10 meter rock waterfalls, in a cave with cone stalagmite & red marble. Kahak Cave , as an example of numerous precipice caves of Iran, is in the list of the caves with the highest and the most beautiful red marble cone dripstones. The length of the cave is 10 m and it contains wonderful flowstones. The spars are all different in kind and color, at the top they are white and towards the bottom they turn to red. One of the unique characteristics of the cave in question is a range of red columns stuck together, with the height of 6 m and the width of 4m that, as a drapery, separates the front flat areas from the cliffs behind. This cave is one of the most wonderful caves of Iran due to its extraordinary speleothems, deep cliffs, high flowstones and huge colorful dripstones. Considering the huge speleothems and the length of the cave, Kahak can be named as one of the oldest caves of Iran
You’ll stay overnight at your hotel in Mahalat where you will be relax in hot spring pool.(B/L/D)
Total drive for the day: 350 km

Day 3: Chal nakhjir cave

Early morning drive to Naragh. Having breakfast, continue to a 70 million year old cave in Naragh & excursion.
After having lunch, you’ll have a site seeing in Naragh and stay overnight in Arak.(B/L/D)
Total drive for the day: 190 km

Day 4: Alisard cave

Today you will have boating in the Alisard cave’s river. Cave’s walls are extended up to 40 meters, containing several large and deep lakes.
Ali Sard Cave , with the length of 11500 m , is the longest cave of Iran and because of its 2100 m long water paths through which boats can pass , it can be known as the longest water cave in the world. But, what turns the cave into an exceptional one is that it is covered by a double-roof. Colorful stalactites all around the roof create wonderful sceneries. During the ministry of Haj Mirza Aghasi in Qajar era, when Qanat excavation was common, a canal was excavated from outside into cave. At the point the canal was being joined to the resource, the water was being discharged uncontrollably and the water level was reaching zero. But the villagers, who were using this water for the agricultural purposes, made the canal deeper, built a stone fence, and made a dam in front of the canal to control the water. Afterwards, to develop the water resource, they made some other canals and narrow water paths to collect the waste waters and lead them back to the cave. Thus, they made a dam inside the mountain.
And, this was the first time in the history that a dam was built inside a mountain, and Iranians were the first people who used it to collect the water. You’ll stay overnight at your hotel in Hamedan. (B/L/D)
Total drive for the day: 325 km

Day 5: Karaftoo cave /Temple of Heracles

After breakfast drive to Divandare & karaftoo cave. A limestone cave that has been formed in the Tertiary geology era. Parts of the cave platens and has inscriptions of the pre-history.
Karafto Cave is somehow a historical, archeological, geological and touristic complex. The natural part is so vast and has special inner and outer beauties. The sceneries inside the cave are almost coarse, milky colored and unique. The speleothems, stalactites, stalagmites, columns of the last crypt, vast underground and water paths (prison) are some examples. The entrance of spring is an architectural masterpiece. Hand carved parts show the talent and the power of human beings against the nature and also their ability to use the limited equipments of that period. For instance, to build the first room in the cave, they have excavated 238 cubic meters and taken all the stones outside and built a room with calculated angles, corners, beautiful windows and engineering construction
Drive to Takab and stay overnight. (B/L/D)
Total drive for the day: 320 km

Day 6: Takht e Soleyman – UNESCO World Heritage

Today you will visit “Takht e Soleyman” where is considered as the forth unique ancient and archaeological site, due to its specific characteristics. Registered in UNESCO World Heritage. Also you will visit Azargoshnasb temple which is respected by people and it’s eternal fire had been flaming for 7 centuries that was a symbol of Zorostrian religion.
Overnight in Zanjan . (B/L/D)
Total drive for the day: 290 km)

Day 7: Kotale khor cave

After breakfast you will drive to Zanjan, in the way you will see “Gonbad e Soltanie”, one of the World Heritage Sites. This monument has the oldest double-shell dome in the world. Later you will drive to the cave, where you will find beautiful features of merging Stalactites & Stalagmites, which meet each other and remind you columns of the cave.
In farsi, “Katale” means low mountain and “Khor” is an abbreviation for “Khorshid “, which means “ the sun”. So, “Katale Khor “means “Mount of Sun” and the name of the cave has been derived from the name of the mentioned mountain. Its name, the graves founded near the entrance and also the broken pieces of potteries founded in it, all can give us lots of information about the cave. By finding a leopard skull in a pit, and also the absence of any other bones of leopard in that place, the proposed hypothesis about the sacredness of this cave is approved. The second name of the mountain “Saghezlou “proves that “ Saghez” – a kind of plant wax – is found in this area. Anyway, this cave has been discovered many years ago and its mysterious and meaningful name- sun- depicts its high value.
Serving lunch & continue to Zanjan, overnight at hotel. (B/L/D)
Total drive for the day: 300 km

Day 8: Lahijan

Today you will drive to lahijan via Rasht. Having rest & free time. Overnight in lahijan. (B/L/D)
Total drive for the day: 240 km

Day 9: Hyrcanian Forest

After breakfast drive to Motel Ghoo, having lunch. Continue to forest & camping will be in schedule. (B/L/D)
Total drive for the day: 130 km

Day 10: Danyal cave

Today you will walk in a river cave, with large and small water reservoirs & various forums. Any cave has got a special treasure, such as historical paintings and potteries, remained from several thousand years ago. The treasure of Daniel cave is its ancient stalagmites and stalactites that the formation of each centimeter has taken hundreds of years. A two kilometer canal has been made by the water flows through soluble lime stones. Over the thousands of years, stones have formed in an unusual way. Winding corridors can be found everywhere, in one place the roof is more than 50 m high and in another it is less than 50 cm. Sometimes, it is so narrow and short that one has to go crawling to cross. Visiting these 2 kilometer long winding corridors and crypts will be amazing for all cavers.
Tour will be followed by serving lunch & driving to Gachsar, overnight in hotel. (B/L/D)
Total drive for the day: 120 km

Day 11: Yakh morad cave

After breakfast you will be transferred to a high altitude cave, with a permanent ice lake at the end. The coldness and the subzero temperature of Yakh Morad Cave in the winter and early spring is one of its unique features, compared to other caves of Iran. In cold seasons, the temperature inside the cave is much lower than the outside. This happens because of pores situated between the inner and outer spaces of the cave and another reason can be the air that flows due to the pressure difference between the two mentioned spaces. Perhaps, the kind of spars is also another element that affects the phenomenon in question. The height above the sea also can be affective. Sub ducted waters that remain from the rains, enter the cave as drops and create many wonderful and magnificent stalactites, stalagmites and columns all around the cave. The reflection and the refraction of light by this ice phenomenon, make unique sceneries that can’t be seen in any other caves of our country. You may spend around 4 hours in the cave. After lunch you will back to Tehran to have rest. Overnight stay in hotel. (B/L/D) Total drive for the day: 115km

Day 12: Tehran

Today, we will visit the central Tehran, where many monuments to the glories and excesses of the Qajar rulers are established. We’ll first visit the Golestan Palace complex, the former royal Qajar compound in Tehran. The Golestan Palace, the oldest of the historic monuments of Tehran and a UNESCO World Heritage site, belongs to a group of royal buildings that were once enclosed within the mud-thatched walls of Tehran’s Historic Arg (citadel). Golestan Palace complex consists of 17 structures including palaces, museums, and halls. Almost this entire complex was built during the 200 years ruling of Qajar kings. These palaces were used for many different occasions such as coronations and other important celebrations.
Later, we will head to Grand Bazaar, a huge maze of corridors each specializing in various types of goods, including copper, carpets, paper, spices, and precious metals. Although Tehran’s Grand Bazaar economic influence has diminished somewhat in recent years, it remains the largest market of its kind in the world. In Grand Bazaar, we will have lunch first in Sharaf-ol-Eslami restaurant, one of the best and most popular attractions for food lovers. Then we’ll walk in Grand Bazaar towards the Imam Khomeini Mosque for a quiet finish to our hustling and bustling bazaar tour.
After an afternoon break at your hotel, we will go to Tajrish in the evening to experience the nightlife in Tehran and stroll in its narrow alleys and busy shopping centers. We’ll head back to your hotel after dinner in a new-age contemporary restaurant in Tajrish. (B/L/D)


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